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33. PSEA

Exploitation and abuse is a global phenomenon that exists in most cultures irrespective of material wealth, religion or state ideology. The World Health Organization (WHO) Report on Violence and Health (WHO, 2002) states that about 20 percent of women and five to 10 percent of men have suffered sexual abuse as children. Studies from around the world appear to confirm these figures, although some studies have higher figures (Heiberg, 2001).

1.1 What sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) is

1.1.1 Definitions

1.1.2 Principles of defining sexual harassment/exploitation

1.2 How emergencies affect sexual exploitation

1.3 Why prevention of sexual exploitation is important in an emergency response

1.3.1 Key concepts of high-level statement of commitment on SEA by UN and non-UN agencies

2.1 Policy at the global level

2.2 Policy at the CARE International Members level

2.3 Policy at the field level

3.1 Minimum requirements for prevention of SEA in emergency response

3.2 Additional suggested actions

3.2.1 Human resources manager/coordinator

3.2.2 Programming/program management

Building Safer Organisations 2007, Handbook ; Training materials on receiving and investigating allegations of abuse and exploitation by humanitarian workers. ICVA

Heiberg, Turid 2001. Commodities in stigma and shame: An international overview of Save The Children's Work Against Child Sexual Abuse And Exploitation. Save the Children.

InterAction PVO standards on SEA.

Oxfam GB. Pick-up-and-Go Training Packs on SEA.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Protection from sexual exploitation and abuse.

World Health Organization (WHO) 2002. World report on violence and health. WHO, Geneva.